Clinical Benefits of Cord Blood Stem Cells

What are the differences and similarities between bone marrow transplants, peripheral blood stem cell transplants and cord blood stem cell transplants?

Bone marrow transplants: Through multiple bone marrow punctures, bone marrow aspirates containing hematopoietic stem cells are withdrawn. This is a conventional transplantation method with reliable results. But the bone marrow extraction has to be carried under general and epidural anesthesia conditions.

Peripheral blood stem cell transplants: Medications are administered to release hematopoietic stem cells from the bone marrow to peripheral blood, followed by the use of a cell separator to collect hematopoietic stem cells from the circulating blood.

Cord blood stem cell transplants: A stem cell transplants refer to the method using stem cells extracted from the umbilical cord to reconstitute hematopoietic immunity.